Identification

Author

Lazarus R, Yih K, Platt R

Title

Distributed data processing for public health surveillance

Year

2006

Publication type

Article

Journal

BMC Public Health

Created

2012-10-05 20:24:10+00:00

Modified

2016-07-25 19:11:38.843996+00:00

Details

Volume

6

Number

1

Access

Language

English

URL http://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-6-235
DOI

10.1186/1471-2458-6-235

Accessed

2016-06-08

Extended information

Abstract

Background
Many systems for routine public health surveillance rely on centralized collection of potentially identifiable, individual, identifiable personal health information (PHI) records. Although individual, identifiable patient records are essential for conditions for which there is mandated reporting, such as tuberculosis or sexually transmitted diseases, they are not routinely required for effective syndromic surveillance. Public concern about the routine collection of large quantities of PHI to support non-traditional public health functions may make alternative surveillance methods that do not rely on centralized identifiable PHI databases increasingly desirable.

Methods
The National Bioterrorism Syndromic Surveillance Demonstration Program (NDP) is an example of one alternative model. All PHI in this system is initially processed within the secured infrastructure of the health care provider that collects and holds the data, using uniform software distributed and supported by the NDP. Only highly aggregated count data is transferred to the datacenter for statistical processing and display.

Results
Detailed, patient level information is readily available to the health care provider to elucidate signals observed in the aggregated data, or for ad hoc queries. We briefly describe the benefits and disadvantages associated with this distributed processing model for routine automated syndromic surveillance.

Conclusion
For well-defined surveillance requirements, the model can be successfully deployed with very low risk of inadvertent disclosure of PHI – a feature that may make participation in surveillance systems more feasible for organizations and more appealing to the individuals whose PHI they hold. It is possible to design and implement distributed systems to support non-routine public health needs if required.