Diseases

Name

Malignant catarrhal fever

Names alternate

MCF
Malignant head catarrh
Snotsiekte
Catarrhal fever
Gangrenous coryza

Parents
(1) Febrile Illness
(2) Respiratory diseases
Agents
(1) (Alcelaphine Herpes Virus 1 ) > Ruminant gamma herpes virus > Herpesviridae > Virus
(2) Ovine Herpes Virus 2 > Ruminant gamma herpes virus > Herpesviridae > Virus
(3) Ruminant gamma herpes virus > Herpesviridae > Virus
Populations
(1) Antelope (Bovidae) > Hoofed animal > Placental mammal (Eutheria) > Mammal (Mammalia) > Vertebrate > Animal (Animalia)
(2) Banteng (Bos javanicus) > Hoofed animal > Placental mammal (Eutheria) > Mammal (Mammalia) > Vertebrate > Animal (Animalia)
(3) Buffalo (Bison bison) > Hoofed animal > Placental mammal (Eutheria) > Mammal (Mammalia) > Vertebrate > Animal (Animalia)
(4) Cattle (Bos taurus) > Hoofed animal > Placental mammal (Eutheria) > Mammal (Mammalia) > Vertebrate > Animal (Animalia)
(5) Deer (Cervidae) > Hoofed animal > Placental mammal (Eutheria) > Mammal (Mammalia) > Vertebrate > Animal (Animalia)
(6) Water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) > Hoofed animal > Placental mammal (Eutheria) > Mammal (Mammalia) > Vertebrate > Animal (Animalia)
Transmission
(1) Air-borne
(2) Casual contact
(3) In utero
Properties
(1) Economically important
Documents
(1) Merck Veterinary Manual: Overview of Malignant Catarrhal Fever (2014)
(2) Wikipedia: Bovine Malignant Catarrhal Fever (2015)
Notes

Rarely the disease affects swine.
The principal carriers and their viruses are sheep (ovine herpesvirus-2), wildebeest (alcelaphine herpesvirus-1), and goats (caprine herpesvirus-2). Another strain of unidentified origin has caused MCF in white-tailed deer. Virtually all clinical cases are caused by the sheep or wildebeest viruses.
MCF is transmitted only between carriers and clinically susceptible animals. Affected animals do not transmit MCF to their cohorts.

Created

2015-07-27 14:48:36+00:00

Modified

2015-09-09 17:33:59.882156+00:00